SAT 短文的写作技巧及有效模式

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SAT 短文的写作技巧及有效模式

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很多学生对于SAT写作心有畏惧,感觉很难突破、提高比较缓慢。SAT写作的考试时间为25分钟,很多学生存在时间不够的问题。其实SAT的写作和其他的英文议论文的写作是有规律可循的。以下是英瑞教育开发的一套SAT写作的有效模式,务必反复练习。有很多学生通过这个模式,把写作成绩从6分提高到12分满分。

模式:

第一段:扣住题目,阐明自己的观点。态度要明确,善用词汇,给人耳目一新的感觉。

第二段和第三段:引用典故和历史事件、个人经历或文学小说来阐明自己的观点。论述时紧扣自己的观点进行论述,每个例子都进行详细阐述。

最后一段,对上述故事进行总结,并在理论、哲理或思想上进行升华。

以下是在SAT考试中得分满分12分的真实文章,该文章就有效地使用了以上的写作模式:

 

Assignment: Is it more valuable for people to fit in than to be unique and different? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your point of view on this issue. Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.

 

Essay:

It is more valuable for people to be unique and different. Conformity is the bane of our existence— it is differences among people that gives each of us greater perspective and allows us to make better judgments. Throughout history and literature,numerous people have refused to “fit in”,which allowed them to do many things they could not have if they chose to “fit in”,such as Atticus Finch,Huckleberry Finn,and Copernicus and Galileo.

In To Kill a Mocking bird by Harper Lee,Atticus Finch refuses to flow with society. When he is assigned to defend a black man accused of raping a white woman,he acts differently than most other lawyers would have. In a case of a white man’s word against a black man’s,the trial would only be a show because the black man would certainly been indicted. However,Atticus is aware that the defendant is innocent and fights a losing battle to reveal the truth,which is what all lawyers should do. He is considerably different from most other men of his time,who would have realized the outcome was inevitable and would not have struggled against it. Thus,he is able to open the peoples’ eyes to the truth,and although he does lose the case,he scores a moral victory. His refusal to go down without a fight marked him as different,but this difference opened the door for the truth,allowing the parochial townspeople to see a larger perspective,beyond their racial prejudices.

Huck Finn is also different,which allows him to see the truth and makebetter judgments. In The Adventures of Huckle berry Finn by Mark Twain,Huck shuns “respectable” society,preferring his free,unchained life. This refusal to obey society’s restrictions allows him to befriend a runaway slave,something that would be impossible in “respectable” society. His difference allows him to see the man as a person,not chattel to be sold at a whim. He begins to realize that slavery is wrong,that all men should be free. Therefore,when his new friend is captured,Huck decides to help him escape,going against all his society has taught him. He is described in glowing terms as a hero,simply because his differences allowed him a more encompassing view of his world,allowing him to make a very good decision.

Copernicus and Galileo also refused to “fit in” with their society; when they discovered the true structure of the solar system,they went against standard views and aired their own. Many scorned them for their discoveries and ostracized them,trying to make them conform and manipulate their discoveries to support the older view of the universe. However,they persevered in spite of all the obstacles they faced and continued to promote their discoveries. They were unique— they created a new theory and published it during a time when difference was feared and struck out against. Eventually,their discoveries were verified,opening a new perspective and eventually leading to even more important discoveries. Their discovery changed peoples’ perspectives of the world and led the people to become more open-minded,leading to the discovery of even more,wonderful ideas.

These examples illustrate how nonconformity is an essential quality for mankind. The greatest thinkers were unique— they did not try to “fit in” and follow society;instead,they led it. Differences among people give each of us greater perspective and allow us to make better judgments,such as the decision to be different. With conformity,there cannot be change or progress,an essential process for the human race- uniqueness and differences allow us to prosper and flourish.

 


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